Friday, January 3, 2014


Excerpts from book: WHAT MIND MEANS (Author Swami Vijnananand, Manashakti publication).

3(e) Q.5 – How does Mind act, when it is related to body?

(i) Mind Enters Body: Larger quantum of mind energy is distributed all over the metabolism, at the inception of life" Mind is co-naturalized with motion at inception. It is interesting that as the child grows, this energy recedes.

        (Average)  Pulsation/Minute                   When

                                    150                              Before Birth
                                    140-120                       Just after birth
                                    130-115                       During the 1st year
                                    115-100                       During the 2nd year
                                    90-85                           About the 7th year
                                    85-80                           About the 14th year
                                    80-70                           Adult age
                                    70-60                           In Old age

(ii) Body returns energy to mind

Can we believe the statement that Mind lends or distributes its own energy to body and again recovers back? It looks like a paradox, but there are ample such paradoxes in nature and actual life.
Give knowledge to others. It does not diminish but increases. Nature compels vast oceans to distribute its water in the form of clouds, which pour rains on the peaks of mountains through Sun and finally the whole water (sea resources) return to sea in the form of small streams and big rivers.

(iii) Paradox –When a conditioned reflex is already elaborated its strength is subject to a relation which is designated as the law of force. That means (All other things being equal), conditioned reflex is stronger, the greater the physical strength of the conditioning stimulus.

Apparent paradox – But the fact is that – Each stimulus has a ‘strength limit’ beyond which any further strengthening of the stimulus no longer increases the intensity of the conditioned reflex evoked by it. On the contrary reduces it. How?

(iv)The role of Cerebral Cortex & TMI

The cerebral cortex reacts to supra maximal stimulus with development of inhibition. This is called ‘Trans Marginal Inhibition (TMI)’.Thus the strength of the stimulus is reduced by the TMI. The remaining strength of the stimulus varies (depend upon) the nervous system and its functional state (consequently the state of whole organism). That means that extent to which the inhibition will very (and the resultant conditioned reflex generated) depend upon the functional state of nervous system/the state of whole organism.

Trans marginal Inhibition (TMI)

Description When faced with extreme stress or pain, the body will shut down rather than allow the person to endure the physical or mental discomfort caused. Thus a person being tortured or otherwise enduring extreme hurt will fall unconscious. The body may also shut down partially, for example with loss of sight, hearing, use of limbs, etc. Factors that can lead to this state include increasing discomfort levels and increasing the unpredictability of when the discomfort will be experienced. There is a threshold level at which the shutting down happens. This threshold varies with the individual, with some people shutting down early whilst others being able to endure greater discomfort.

Discussion Trans marginal Inhibition (often abbreviated as TMI), was first identified by Ivan Pavlov in his experiments with dogs and later taken up by Carl Jung, William Sargant and others. What Pavlov found in his studies was that TMI led to a loss of previous conditioning. TMI goes through stages in which normal stimulus-response patterns are increasing changed:
Equivalent phase is where big stimuli elicit big responses and vice versa.

Paradoxical phase is where a quantity reversal appears in significant stimuli eliciting small responses and vice versa.

Ultra-paradoxical phase is where a quality reversal occurs, with negative stimuli eliciting positive responses and vice versa.

If the intensity of the conditioned stimulus exceeds a certain limit, the result is not intensification, but weakening or total inhibition (i.e. block the action) of the reflex. Simultaneous applications of two strong conditioned stimuli, each of which, taken separately produces a pronounced conditioned reflex, (finally) weakens the conditioned reflex. Cortical cells are also inhibited when the action of stimulus on the same cortical structure is frequently repeated i.e. when the same conditioned stimulus is applied repeatedly, at short interval.

(vi) Truth paradoxes:  Life is full of such curious but physical truths! We see such paradoxes (as above) when mind remains attached with matter (body) with great passion.

(vii) The mass – increase equation – When an object is moving with respect to an observer, the mass of the object becomes greater. The amount of increase depends upon the relative velocity of the object and observer. The total motion of the body stands mitigated (reduced) with aging (as seen at (i) above). This implies that the body cells are unburdened of the mass (as the life advances).

(viii) Some scientists say that the cells of the body (except the cells of the brain) constantly are in motion and may be periodically replaced. Brain cells change only slightly and it serves as fast messenger of energy, having different purpose to perform.

(ix) How energy is reclaimed (claimed again) by mind (from body) can be visualized by W.G. Walters’s description of electric potential developing in the brain (i.e. Mind uses brain as the immediate medium). The development of brain rhythm with frequency:

S. No.
Rhythm with frequency cycle/sec
End of First Year
5-6 cycles/sec
2nd – 3rd Year
Beginning 8-13 cycle/sec – Signs of Alfa rhythm
7th – 8th Year
Faster Rhythm rarely appears
13th – 14th Year
The Alfa & Theta rhythms (faster rhythms) are present in varying  degree

(x) Question/Paradox – If mass increases with motion, why should the electric activity from the brain not increase the mass of the cells in the body?

Answer: (a) Deep study based observations reveals that the brain potential slowly/progressively assumes importance (at the growing age) when the rate of heart beats declines. This clue justifies ability of mind (through brain) to gain (weight or mass of) experience and learn at the cost of (loss of) motion.

(b) If the motion in the brain is dedicated to keep the body in good robust condition (by adding weigh/mass of cells), by feeding the cells, they would gain fresh lease of health. But we see that cells have limited life (at rate of 12.5cr/sec the body cells die and all body cell change in cycle of about 7 years). This shows clearly that motion in the brain and function of the rest and the body have different mission to carry out. The body has to normally supply energy to the brain rather than acquiring abnormal amount (of energy) from it. This is what we saw at the beginning of this question 5.
Simile – (a) King (brain) maintains a huge army in number (cells empire) each of the soldier (cell) has to be fit for his role, (b) King employs the soldier but the soldiers (cells) in turn give to the King (brain) service to maintain the throne and his activity.

(xi) Readers shall please note that – The rationalization relating to the mass decrease refer to quality and quantity of each cell of the body rather than the total number of cells in the body.

(xii) Mind conscious: Cell suffers, Mind gains

Knowledge gives knowledge (by untiring search and deep constant thought) but knowledge has limitations. True knowledge lies in reconnoitering (extra ordinary search) and ruminating (deep repeated thinking) over the limitations of knowledge through knowledge – Einstein.

(i)  At about age 14, the adolescent (child grown to men/women hood) reaches a state of balance (development of right-emotional brain and left logical brain is reasonably complete). Now the mind of the child assumes more conscious (aware of oneself) control.

(ii) Vanity (excessive pride in one’s own appearance, qualities, abilities, achievements, etc.) of man for recognition can be understood. But in practice it manifests (indicates) his deep desire (yearning) for enjoyment i.e. pleasure. (At age 14 this awareness is at the conscious state). In the next step of humanity is to conquer (win over) the ill haps (bad incidences) which occur to him based on limitless use of an intelligence! Thus, man (human mind) wants pleasure and he wants to ensure that he does not suffer from any displeasure) (This is all due to the emotions of mind).

(iii) We have written above a sentence about description of ‘true knowledge’ by Einstein. This is perhaps what mind achieves by inviting disease through the flesh (body).

(iv) We know as the junior grows, motion in his material body (pulse-rate) is receding. As a consequence each cell gives up mass as per the discussion in the point earlier than this (3-c-b) Quotation from Sir James Jeam “The Maurtania (A big ship of this name) fully loaded weights about 56,000 tones. When it is travelling at 25 knots motion (nautical mile) this motion increases its weight by about millionth part of ounce”. What is true of Maurtania is also true for the body cell.

(v)  Most of the cells are affected by emotions. They run unendingly with faster speeds under the influence of emotions. As we have seen mind gain mass in terms of energy and mass of the cell is affected adversely. This mass in terms of energy acquired by the mind, it appears cannot be immolated (sacrificed) in favor of the body. ‘Reason Why”? – This is not the point at issue, apparently.

(vi) Vicious circle of life
(Vicious – Grossly immoral, readily disposed to evil)

We ourselves experience and can appreciate that (normally) as a man grows old; he comprehends more and more TRUTH about the life (He also understands what should be done to go to the TRUTH). But as luck would have it, he is deprived of power of chivalrously (courage of accepting the harsh) of reality. This keeps him continuously attached to matter (maternal pleasure). Possibly then; he submits himself to vicious circle. Seemingly, the vicious circle itself, in the last analysis serves to slowly ripen and convert him into new mass – The new man has elevated mental energy. At the end of life, on becoming aware of the limitation of knowledge (intelligence) and enjoyment through cogent (believable by virtue of forcing, clear realization) reasoning above the new journey starts. The man beholds (looks at) a new lease of life (a chance to improve one’s situation or to live longer, more happy life) beyond the dark and gloomy shores and he willingly accepts extinction (death).

(vii) In a book “Will to live” (pages 27-28) Dr. Hutschnecker, M.D. gives details as to how - we die when we want to die. He says – ‘We die only when we are ready to die’,

(viii) It can safely be surmised (guessed) that emotions and disease have a definite co-relation. Human growth coincides with loss of mass for each cell and gain for mind.

3-f Q.6 – Does the mind survive after death? Is it born? 

The answer to the first part of the question is categorical ‘Yes’, for detailed references of scientific authority take preamble of Chapter Six particularly the opening few paragraphs.
S.V. in ‘God Reconsidered’ and ‘Marx Proves Rebirth’ has reviewed the motion of rebirth.
Potentiality of rebirth phenomenon cannot be ruled out. On the other hand, it is not a must. If there is not left any alluring appetency (intense desire, appetite, natural tendency) and avidity (greediness, eagerness, etc.), the mechanism of reincarnation loses its applicability as well as significance. The left over intensive desires and greedy tendencies (of the mind) may be fulfilled in the eventuality of next birth. Repetition of birth perhaps affords opportunity to learn the ultimate truth in installment. The ultimate truth which says that vain (excessive egoistic) human deep desires (yearnings) can never be fulfilled. 

For the one, who realizes the truth in a single span (life) the rebirth becomes redundant.

3-e (Q.7) – Is not method of auto-suggestion suggestive of mind independent of body?

Yes, that is so. Western scientists, who support duality, can employ auto suggestion without self-contradiction, irrespective of question of its effectiveness when ‘I’ in the auto suggestion pronounces a determination to body ‘I’ must be different.

If the determined word from mind “I have pledged” convert the cells in the cortex (and brings about the effect), it implies a firm faith that just the opposite words must have created (though unknown to reason) defective cells in the cortex, to create unfavorable effects on the body.

Our theory (E=D, Emotion = Disease) stands doubly verified based on the above logic. Also mind to independent of body and also it gets the impact on the body in different ways (based on the emotion or thoughts), etc.

(Note: This is an attempt to make reader friendly interpretation of the book “WHAT MIND MEANS” based on my perception. Readers are requested to refer to the original book to cross check their understanding.)

Vijay R. Joshi.

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